Most job opportunities are based in urban centers making it necessary for workers to travel daily. Basically, a commuter is anyone who has to regularly travel from a residential home to a place of work. However, the use of word has been extended to include students who have to travel for full-time study or anyone who travels regularly even when none of the mentioned activities are involved. The distance travelled, time taken to do so and means of transport are some of the varying situations for commuters all over the world. The major concern for this group is the expenses incurred in daily travel and its general effect on their monthly budget. This has led to some people considering alternatives.
Due to the large numbers of people commuting every day, several platforms have been raised to monitor the situation on the travel routes. In addition, studying the data presented by commuters depending on their geographical location, the density of the residential area they travel to and from as well as their transportation means has borne results. Government planners have been able to predict more accurately the needs created such as peak travel requirements, the consequence of the pressure put on the transportation infrastructure and are able to evaluate the necessary changes needed to improve the situation.
Working at Home
With increase in commuters, workers have chosen to take other routes towards having job satisfaction and avoiding all the pressures involved in transportation systems. Some choose to be their own boss by searching for independent jobs instead of working for a specific person while others are employed telecommuters who do not go to a central place of work. There are a wide range of reasons why these workers choose this form of work situation. There are many advantages posed by this scheme over commuting. Without the problems facing commuters on the roads, railways, tubes and even non-motorists, there is increased productivity and it is inarguably better for the environment. The flexibility of working hours is perhaps why there is a rise of teleworkers. When you choose to be your own boss, you will avoid a wide range of commuter inconveniences.
Problems Related to Commuting
Major problems related to the transport industry are concentrated in urban areas due to the wide range of economic activities. There are personal and public issues arising from regular and frequent travel. Some health concerns are raised. Daily and prolonged driving may cause muscoskeletal disorders and aggravate the blood pressure. It also increases the risk of getting heart problems related to stress. Use of public transport also heightens the risk of contracting communicable diseases such as the flu. Moreover, long commutes put a lot of pressure on the mental and emotional wellbeing of a person and it will often cause resentment for the work place, tiredness during business hours, poor performance, depression and even increased anger issues.
On a larger scale, there are notable commuting problems. Congestion is the most prevalent problem posed. With increased ownership of motor vehicles, traffic has become extremely problematic and need for parking areas in the cities has increased as well. Traffic jams caused on the roads increase the time taken to reach the destination and consequently, the costs related. It also causes loss of public space as some motorists attempt to gain advantage over others by finding alternate routes. The freight distribution system has found its way into the cities and shares the same transport network as regular commuters. Though the industry contributes in enhancing the economy globally, it increases problems on the road and is highly problematic to people driving smaller automobiles. All this increases strain on the environment due to Carbon (IV) Oxide emissions as well as other greenhouse gases that are quickly changing the planet through global warming and related effects.
There is an increase in personal automobile dependency due to the need for comfort, convenience, costs and even status. They are believed to be superior to public transport. The increase in number of these automobiles can be attributed to increased quality of life, personal preferences and cost-effective suburban houses. The government also contributes by dedicating more resources towards improvement of roads and parking instead of public transports or creating alternatives to commuting. With proper encouragement, people will be more attracted to the possibility of working remotely instead of the urban centers or on the basis of flexible working hours.